Montessori educational philosophy advocated by France, is a Chinese saying goes: "Give a child a fish and they will eat for a day. Teach a child to fish and they will eat for a lifetime." So, what Montessori education method is going to teach a child to fish?
Mother of Montessori Education
Maria Montessori, Italy's first female medical doctor, the first "children's home," the founder of her book "The secret of childhood","found the child", "absorbent mind" and so on, been translated into dozens of languages, many countries have set up a Montessori Association Montessori training institutions or the British educator praised her as "the 20th century to win the promotion of world-recognized scientific and human progress is one of the greatest scientists ."
Study Montessori Education Act
Montessori method of education system has been able to impact the world and still be far in the country after years of people of all ages, the key is Montessori concluded Ms. Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Froebel, who naturally educational thought, based on the combination of their own practical experience, has developed a unique education for children concepts and methods.
She believes that the task of education is to stimulate and promote children's 'inherent vitality' of the play, so according to their access to natural laws, free development of children born with a kind of common 'inner vitality', this vitality is a kinds of positive activities, developing presence, it has endless power.
Our children should be carefully observed and studied to understand the child's inner world, love children and respect the child's personality, to promote children's intellectual, spiritual, physical and natural development of personality.
Three Major Characteristics of the Montessori Education Act:
Education does not teach
"No religion" can be said that Montessori education is characterized by one of the largest, it is opposed to the traditional teacher-centered 'spoon-fed' teaching, advocated by the daily life training to start with a good learning environment, rich in education, children spontaneously active learning.
Mixed Age Education
In compliance with the Montessori teaching methods classes, often see children of different ages together, so that small children can have role models of different ages, and older children can help younger than him from the children in their ability to grow and develop emotional intelligence.
Wealth of teaching aids
Montessori teaching aids are very rich, but these aids are not teachers, but the tools for teaching children "work" of the material. Through these "work", children can repeat the operation from the practice of self-constructed perfect personality.
Self Study Basis
Ms. Montessori method of education is to promote the "freedom-based Education Law", their education has been called the "freedom of education." Freedom is not subject to any constraints children can not accept any top-down command to force the case with depression, can arbitrarily do their favorite activities. use scientific methods to observe the children, educate their children, we must first give the child freedom to express themselves to promote their own initiative, but not free equivalent to the indulgence and unrestricted.
"Let the children learn to distinguish right from wrong, know what the behavior should not be such as capricious, unreasonable, violent, unruly and impede the activities of groups should be strictly prohibited, and gradually be wiped out, and they must be patient counseling, which is to maintain the basic principles of discipline."
Discipline - The Protection of Freedom
Ms Montessori discipline is a positive state, is built on the basis of freedom. Discipline is protection of the freedom, and this freedom is based on disciplined freedom positive discipline, including a noble principles of education, and forced it completely different.
"Discipline of training can not rely on propaganda and preaching, not by the accused of error, but in the nature of the activities developed." Adhere to Montessori education, children's activities should be voluntary, is a natural inherent tendency can not be imposed on them. let children understand the activities of their own discipline, and understanding from the Lord through the voluntary acceptance of and compliance with collective rules and discipline of a person should take the initiative to discipline, the need to comply with rules to enable them to control themselves, rather than passively submit to others.
The Creation of a Prepared Environment
Montessori education very seriously by the environment to educate children. Because children need the right environment to get healthy development, and foster good character, so to create a child-based environment for children to their own lives. This "prepared environment" to meet the child's age and growth characteristics of demand , children should be given the greatest degree of security, so that children feel comfortable and free to the environment in such activities, but also to give children the feeling of beauty, whether it is color, shape, or furnishings, should be given to children not of enjoyment, in an orderly environment in which children will be the center of activities, a sense of order, operation, etc. In addition, "prepared environment" should be limited to a certain extent, children, children learned in the environment of freedom and discipline the relationship.
Montessori Teacher's Request
- Educate children on the premise that we must first understand the children
- Teacher's mental state is more important than skills
- Alert, attentive, patient, loving, humble
- Not to place children in their wisdom, the wisdom
- The slow progress of children to have endless patience
Montessori Teaching Aids
Montessori education aids the biggest feature is that the children operate through self-teaching aids, from which the initiative to get a lot of sensory experience is not easy to understand and master the mathematical knowledge of Montessori teaching aids can be divided into six major areas: sensory aids education , math education teaching aids, teaching aids language education, science and culture, education aids, daily living aids education, aids and music education through survey, the most classic sensory aids for the education part of teaching aids, a socket cylinder, pink tower, brown ladder, Red Stick etc. Most Chinese parents respected mathematics education aids, there are numbers and chips, a few rods, spindle rod boxes, colored beads, etc..
Status of Montessori Education
At present, Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou and other cities have adopted a number of training institutions and kindergarten Montessori teaching Education experts say, to the century-old Montessori teaching method really flourish, it must be whichever is the essence of the Montessori teaching method and the actual local situation, the combination of the actual situation of children, combined with the development of the times, the only way to whichever 'fine', learning the 'fine' and will play to the spirit of Montessori teaching method reality.
By: Agile News